Remember to also make note of any views that do not agree with your position; excluding these arguments will reduce the methodological robustness of your piece. Structure the body of your argument using various techniques Your structure should be organised based on thematic areas, key debates or controversial issues, and according to methodological approaches. purchase research paper about economics You may choose to organise your sources according to themes, methodology or even based on a chronological order. When writing a dissertation literature review , an essential thing to consider is identifying the research gap. Instead, try to paraphrase quotations and only use direct quotes if it really helps to illustrate your argument.
Nevertheless, there are some essential steps that apply across all disciplines and that you should ensure you follow:. In your literature review , what theoretical issues or perspectives do you aim to tackle? They specifically espouse a perspective based on a human rights approach…". websites for essay writing on peace in pakistan Despite the rhetoric and the concerns that have been expressed, there have been few attempts to investigate the validity of the many claims that have been made for stake-holder participation Webler, ; Beierle, ; Brody, ; Blackstock et al. There are a lot of misunderstandings about what a dissertation literature review entails.
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Also, remember that the bibliography or reference section of your selected texts will help you to snowball further references if you need any. If you are determined to show that you aware of the available literature out there, try writing techniques such as: Make sure that your sources are balanced; include enough books and academic journals and any useful published work from reputable scholars. Instead, highlight the importance of that author in your research and move on. What is your interpretation of a particular source?
Does this interpretation differ considerably from other viewpoints in the literature? Is there a scholar that agrees with your view? In a research paper, the literature review forms the basis of the research — it helps to highlight any research gaps as support for a new argument or insights you intend to provide.
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You will often use a combination of the approaches that we have discussed. In scientific reviews however, a methodological approach may form the basis of the discussions in the body. thesis on data envelopment analysis First, go through all the texts to get a sense of their general content and arguments.
In your review, ensure that you clearly state what the focus of your work will be. Consider this paragraph from a literature review about stakeholder participation for environmental management, to clarify the discussion that follows:. online dissertations canadian This will also help you judge which sources you mainly want to focus on in your review. Is there a scholar that agrees with your view?
You start by identifying your sources, then you read and re-read them. Despite the rhetoric and the concerns that have been expressed, there have been few attempts to investigate the validity of the many claims that have been made for stake-holder participation Webler, ; Beierle, ; Brody, ; Blackstock et al. help with writing essay my dream home Identifying the gap is particularly important if your review forms part of a research proposal, as it will highlight the pertinence of your research — assuming that your research has been designed to fill this gap. Does this interpretation differ considerably from other viewpoints in the literature? A research gap is essentially the existence of a research question, perspective or problem that has not been answered in the existing literature on any field of study.
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Like any other academic paper, a dissertation literature review will comprise a basic introduction, body, and conclusion. To structure the body of work chronologically, you will have to organise your sources based on when they were published. Read back over the sample and try to perfect this skill.
You will often use a combination of the approaches that we have discussed. Whilst in some cases a dissertation literature review can be a simple summary of important sources, most often it requires you to critically engage with the text to convey your opinions of it, as well as any critiques that you may have. Feeling overwhelmed by your literature review? Beierle, ; Renn et al. They specifically espouse a perspective based on a human rights approach…" This approach also leaves room for you to insert your voice into the literature.
There are exceptions at post-graduate level or generally — like when you have conducted your own primary research or published your work widely — which give you the academic authority to boldly make claims. A quick search using keywords on Google Scholar will often give you a quick overview of the available literature. Write the paragraphs of the body Once you have settled on the approach to writing your body, you must now write each of its paragraphs in a way that is in keeping with academic conventions.